Video Editing Basics: Part 4 – Editing Tools and Shortcuts: Exploring Photography with Mark Wallace


Hi everybody welcome to another episode of Exploring Photography right here on AdoramaTV I’m Mark Wallace and this is part four of my video series on Video Editing Basics. It’s for people that want to learn how to edit video that don’t know anything about editing video, so if you haven’t already watched the first three parts of this series do that, so you know exactly what we’re doing and where we are. So in this episode what we’re going to be doing is we’re going to talk a little bit more about editing directly on the timeline using the tools that we talked about in the last episode and we’re going to add some basic animation and some effects. It’s going to be really cool and as an added bonus we’re going to talk about markers and why they’re so important. So let’s dive in so I have already opened my muddy project my muddy adventure project that we talked about in the first episode if you want to see how this ends. I’ve added a link in the description of this video to the finished video of my muddy adventure in Africa. So if you want to see all 17 minutes of this you can look at that, but we’re going to just work with one section. We’re actually going to work with the section and change it a little bit in a way that I wish I would have done before I published it, because one of the rules of thumb for video is to show, show, show not tell and so in the first part of this video, I’m talking about this storm that I think I’m going to ride into and it would have been so much better if I would have shown that storm to just sort of foreshadow what was about to come in the video, to hook the viewer and to watch a little bit more, to see when does it happen. Okay so let’s look here on the timeline and you can see I’ve got all of my little edits here. I want to zoom into the very first part of this and so I’m going to hit the plus button on the timeline itself remember that blue box, beware of the blue box, so now I’m going to hit the plus button and zoom in to just this first part right over here and you’ll notice that I have these two little things right here. These are called markers, now a marker is really a very helpful tool on the timeline, so what it does is as you’re watching your project, as you’re playing along on the timeline, if you see something that you think you need to change, you can add a little marker if you’re scrubbing through that, just moving frame by frame, you can add a marker to say right here, something needs to happen and you do that by just pushing the M key, so let me show you. So let’s say we put our timeline about right here and I think something needs to happen, my eyes are closed or something, I just push the M key and notice right there, my marker shows up and if I need to adjust that marker. I can click and drag it forward or back just to tell me where in time I need to do something. If I right-click that then I can clear that selected marker, so it’s really easy to use those to tell you what to do in a certain place. If I want to go to the next marker, I hit shift M takes me to the next marker, shift command or control M, takes me to the previous marker, so markers are just markers. They just tell you something is happening right here. It’s just an internal note to yourself. So I created a marker here and another marker here to tell me; right here in this section of the video, I’m talking about a storm that’s coming. So I’ll just play a little bit of this …storm that I’m about to
ride into and I think this is going to be like this for the next 3-4 days… Okay so I’m talking about the storm that I think I’m going to hit. So what we want to do here is I’m going to go to the previous marker, shift command or ctrl M and then I’m going to get my razor tool, by hitting C and then going to slice right here on the timeline. Now notice that my razor tool aligns to my marker exactly. That’s because again I have over here this snap setting turned on, so make sure that you have this little magnet. You click it until it turns blue so that your tools will snap on the timeline. I want to also cut right here at this one now notice, boink it snaps to that marker. I’ll cut right there and so now I have if I go back to my selection tool, this section of video and that’s what we’re going to be working on today. We’re going to add some effects and we’re going to add in that storm. So it’ll look really cool. Okay now what we want to do, so we want to learn about keyframes and how we can use keyframes to animate video. So a keyframe is used in animation software and in video software to do all kinds of things. It’s just a point sort of like a marker in your video, where you tell Premiere or After Effects or whatever nonlinear editor you’re using, is to tell it to do something on that frame and so you might want to say at frame 1, you might want to tell it that the scale of the video is 50% and then at frame 10, in your video you might want to say, right here it should be 100%. So from frame 1 to frame 10 your video will scroll up, it will scale up to 100%. It will animate. You can do that for position, so you can say start over here and X amount of frames later be over here. So this keyframe, this keyframe, so it knows to do something between those keyframes or you can tell it to be transparent or volume go up or down, or to rotate or a spin. There’s thousands of things you can do but keyframe just says do something here or end something here, so that’s all that is. So what we’re going to do is on our timeline using the selection tool, we’re going to double click on this little clip that we just created by using our razor tool and that puts us back into the source monitor over here, so we can start manipulating this clip and so what we’ll do is now we can click on effect controls, so we’re now going to add some effects. By default your video clips in Premiere are going to have some things that you can animate position, scale, rotation, the anchor point, a bunch of different things, opacity, in other words how transparent that is and then also audio, these are some things that you can animate there and so you’ll know you can animate something if when you open the effects tool. It has a little stopwatch next to it, so that says that you can turn on and off an animation. So what we’re going to do here is we are going to go and add our animation so on the position or at the very first, very first frame of this little clip, I’m going to click on this stopwatch and that is going to automatically add a keyframe on the very first frame. So you can see this little triangle here. I’m also going to click on scale. That’s also going to add right there, a little triangle. They’re very, very small but they are there, so you can see that we have values here that we can change but what I want to do is, I want to start this video clip exactly as it is, so everything, all the values that we have right now are good, but by frame 10, so that’s a little bit more than half a second I want something to happen so I’m going to go down here to this effect panel, so on the right hand side this little thing is a timeline, just like it is down here so I will go and I’m going to click my right arrow ten times. One two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine 10, so I’ve gone in 10 frames. Then right here I’m going to add a keyframe. So there’s this little button right here on position. I’m going to click that. Click and then right here on scale this little button, click so I’ve added two keyframes you see those right there, so then as long as I’m on this keyframe and you know you’re on a keyframe if this is blue, if I go back a couple of frames notice that’s not blue anymore. If you’re off the keyframe, if you want to go to the next keyframe, click this little right arrow, it goes to the next keyframe, click this little left arrow previous keyframe. So we want to go to this keyframe. These keyframes right here ten frames in and we want to do something. So the first thing I want to do is make the scale about 50%, so I can go over here to this scale and I can actually type in 50% and notice that my video now looks at 50% or I could hover over that. You’ll see that my cursor changes, so I can scrub up and down just by clicking and dragging left and right. The other thing I can do is, I can double click and the program monitor over here and I can grab a corner and move that up or down and it changes the value, so we’ll put it about, oh something like that, now watch what happens when we move this. See how that’s animated so that was at 100% When we get into ten now it is at 50%, but we also want to change the position of this so I could put values here or I can just go over here, click on this and drag it, much easier so now I’ve dragged that over so now let’s look and see what we’ve done. So keyframes 0 everything is normal going in by 10 frames, we’re all the way up here into this corner okay we want this to stay this way all the way to the very end of our clip, so way over here. So I’m going to move this all the way to the
end. I’m going to go in 10 frames; one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10 by clicking the left arrow and I’m going to click another keyframe, click and another keyframe, click on scale and position. That’s going to tell Premiere that from here to here, keep all the values the same. We’re doing that because now we need to grow that video again so now I’m going to go to the very end of my clip here. It’s the very, very end of my clip if I zoom way in on my timeline here you can see, I’m at the very, very last frame of this clip, so what I want to do is add another scale and position keyframe to the very end. I can click and drag this and move it over to see exactly what I’m doing. So I’m at the very last thing so I know I want this to be 100% but what about this other, this other thing over here. So I’m going to go back one frame so we can sort of see and we needed to go back to the same position that we had before and so what I can do here is, I can take this keyframe right here on the timeline and hit delete. I needed to be the same as what we started with, so I’m going to go to the very, very first keyframe, way over here. Click on that. I’m going to copy it. So I will click copy and I will go to the very last keyframe over here, so we’ve got our first keyframe, last keyframe. Then I’m going to click paste. Okay so now that goes right where it should. So it’s animating back out so all we’ve done is we’ve added four keyframes, the first keyframe says I’m at 100% centered. 10 frames in we’ve got two keyframes. One for position, one for scale and it says shrink and move and then we have another keyframe. that says for this entire time stay the same and then at the end it says go back to what it was before, so it’s very, very, very simple animation. Okay so I’m going to shrink this on the timeline, just a little bit, now that we have that we want to show the storm. We’ve all this black space here but wouldn’t it be nice if we could show the storm underneath that? Alright so what we’re going to do here on the timeline again, I’m going to go grab this clip and I’m going to drag it up to the next track, so I have a blank track underneath this. So then I can put some video of the storm underneath there, so it will have me talking but behind where that black is, it will now have the storm. Okay so I’m going to go back over here to my source monitor and then I have already chosen this GoPro 1:39 clip because I know it’s a stormy clip storm, storm, storm. Okay I want to put this underneath this video, so what we need to do is figure out how long this clip needs to be to fit inside this space exactly. So how do we do that? Well there is an editing technique called three-point editing and it is for doing this exact thing. When you have a very specific space on your timeline that you need to fill but you’re not so sure how long that space is, well Premiere will figure this out for us, so to do that on your timeline, on your main timeline we’ll hit the up arrow and that’s going to take us to this cut right here, so the up and down arrow will take you through the timeline for each different cut or transition. So I if hit down, that’ll take me to that cut, down will take me to the next one, down will take to the next down and take me to the next, if I hit up, up, up you can see that, you can move very precisely to any cut in your timeline so I’m going to start right here where this marker is and on the main timeline we’re going to put an endpoint so I for in, and notice we have this gray box here now that’s saying this is where I want my clip to be started then I’m going to go to the end of this clip by hiting the down arrow on my hit O for out, so I’ve set an in and an out point for my main timeline, so on my main timeline I’m saying fill this space, okay so on the source monitor so we’ve set two of the three points for our three point edit. On the source monitor I’m going to find a nice starting point so they’ve got a lot of water on the camera so maybe you’re right about here, that’s good and I’m going to set an end point but where should the out point be? I don’t know, I don’t care because the main timeline is going to figure that out for us all we have to do is take we just want the video of this I’m going to drag video only over here to overlay. Okay you need to use overlay so as soon as I say that now we have this. That is exactly this length for this little thing right here, so and it looks like, I may have, yes I did so I put the out point at the wrong frame. That’s okay I can just trim this up, so then we just drag this down underneath that. I’ll zoom out so we place this right here in this. Now watch what we’ve done …and I think this is going to be like this… Pretty cool, alright. So now we’ve animated that clip. We’ve done a three-point edit to drop in the storm, so it’s underneath that, the other thing we want to do, is we want to make this little clip here it just it’s too flat, we need to add a drop shadow. We need to add an effect, so how do we add effects? It’s very, very simple. Step one; you need to click on the clip that you want to add the effect to, so it’s this clip right here. then on the lower side of the project panel there is a tab called effects, so we’re going to click on that and you can see, we have video transitions and video effects and audio transitions all kinds of presets and things. What we want to do is do something really basic we want to add a drop shadow so where is the drop shadow? I don’t know it doesn’t matter I can just go over here to this tool right here and click drop I’m just going to find it for me so it’s under the perspective; drop shadow. So all I have to do is click that, drag it over onto my clip. Drop it but you’ll notice doesn’t look like anything has changed, that’s because we need to set the parameters of the effect that we have just added, so now if I go here to my source panel, so remember that’s where we manipulate our clips, to click on effects control. Now you’ll see that we have drop shadow right here, so I’m going to take the opacity and make it 100%, in other words make it solid and then I’m going to take the distance I’m going to make that come out just a little bit from five to maybe, oh, let’s make it big so 37 so I’m just clicking and dragging over the top of these numbers. It’s a scrubby feature then I’ll make the softness something that’s, oh I don’t know something like that. Now notice over here on this window, I’m going to hit the little tilde key, to make this large. You’ll see that we have this nice drop shadow that looks much better, so if we go back to the beginning of our clip, I’ll make this large and we’ll play through it. Look at what we just did, we did a three-point edit, we made an animation and we added an effect …and I think this is going to be like this for the next three, four days, all the way… Pretty cool, pretty darn cool and then it will animate out, I’ll show you that; …go but it’s just going to be slow going. I’m averaging about thirty… Alright so we’ve done all of those things you can see that using some very basic editing techniques, you can start to do some more advanced things. You can start stacking video clips. You can start animating those clips. You can rotate, you can do all kinds of things, so my suggestion to you if you want to learn about animation and effects just get into that effects panel and start clicking thing, adding keyframes and making changes and see what you can do. Start with a very basic animation. Move something from here to here, that’s it. Start with a very basic effect, maybe a drop shadow or something. Once you’ve done that then you might want to go in and add even a more advanced effect, so if I wanted to, I could go into this clip underneath here, this storm and let’s just clear this out. Let’s just see what kind of video effects we have? Let’s do something called distort and then maybe we’ll do, oh I don’t know twirl how about that or warp stabiliser? Wave warp, okay I’m just choosing something. I don’t even know what this is? I’ll click that, we will go in here to wave warp, wave type, blah, blah, blah and you can see that now I’ve added this craziness and when we play it. …for the next three, four days… It’s just that simple, I don’t even know what that effect does, but there it is if you have an effect that you don’t like, you want to get rid of it go to the effects panel, click on it like wave warp. Hit the Delete key, boom it’s gone everything is set. Okay well we still have more to learn. We need to learn about audio. We need to learn about normalization. We need to learn about some transitions. We need to learn about pacing and so all of that and more is coming up in the next episode in this series, so make sure you subscribe to AdoramaTV, so you don’t miss anything and always check out the Adorama Learning Center because there’s all kinds of more advanced tutorials and articles about video editing and shooting video and codecs and frame rates and all the kinds of stuff you might want to know, if you’re getting into more advanced video. Thank you so much for joining me for this episode and I will see you again next time.

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