The Five Freedoms of Aviation

Behind any commercial flight is more than
a century of political negotiation and accords that dictate who, how, and where airlines
can fly. Aviation is one of the most unifying industries
worldwide because it is what brings the world together. The beginning of aviation agreements
came with the 1944 Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation. This convention
established the UN oversight agency responsible for civil aviation—the International Civil
Aviation Organization. The ICAO is recognized by every country worldwide
except for Liechtenstein, Dominica, and Tuvalu. Of those, Tuvalu is the sole country to have
an international airport, so that means that
all but one sky-faring nation worldwide is a part of the
ICAO. Soon after its inception, the ICAO laid out
five fundamental rights of aviation, known as
the Five Freedoms of the Air, which serve as a framework for international aviation
agreements. Each freedom has varying levels of acceptance,
but every developed nation worldwide grants these rights to certain foreign airlines. The first freedom of the air is the right
to fly over a foreign country without landing. Pretty much every commercial flight and commercial
airline is allowed to do this. There are
exceptions—the EU has a list of hundreds supposedly unsafe airlines that are not allowed
in EU airspace—but there are no large airlines
today restricted from certain airspace. It may seem like a
given that foreign airlines can overfly countries, but the airspace above a country is sovereign
territory of that country… more or less. There isn’t actually an internationally
recognized line of separation between sovereign airspace and
space. Some say it’s 19 miles above sea level—the
highest altitude balloons and planes can fly—while others say its as high as 99 miles—the
altitude of the lowest stable earth orbits. The US classifies anyone who’s flown 50
miles or higher above earth as an astronaut, so that
therefore means that the US recognizes 50 miles
above earth as the beginning of space, however, there are instances in which the US hasn’t
respected sovereignty below 50 miles. When Space Shuttle missions returned to earth,
they did so much like an airplane—with a slow horizontal
descent down to a runway. Their descent paths
were so long that they had to descend over foreign nations, such as Canada, below 50
miles of altitude, and yet the US never requested permission
from Canada to fly in their airspace. Just
because airlines are allowed to fly over foreign countries doesn’t mean that they can do
so without restriction. Of course they need to be in contact with
Air Traffic Control, but they also need to pay whats known as overflight fees. Overflight fees are how airlines pay foreign
countries they fly over but don’t land or take
off in for the use of their air traffic control services. Airlines still have to pay to use air traffic
control in countries they land or take off in, but these fees are paid and calculated
in different ways depending on the country. Overflight fees are nearly universal. The US, for example,
charges $56.86 per 100 nautical miles. You may think that these fees are fairly inconsequential
since the only international flights that really fly over the US without landing are
flights to, from, or between Mexico, Canada, and some Caribbean
nations, however, the US is actually responsible for a huge amount of airspace—way
larger than the US itself. It was allocated this
airspace by the International Civil Aviation Organization and since it provides air traffic
control for this area, it also charges overflight
fees. This does mean, weirdly, that flights from
Australia, New Zealand, Papa New Guinea, and other Melanesian
countries pay overflight fees to the US when flying to north-east Asian destinations
such as Japan, Korea, and China. In US oceanic
airspace, however, airlines only pay $21.63 per 100 nautical miles. It may seem like these small charges would
have little effect, but on long haul flights overflight fees can really add up. Especially with the razor thin airline margins
that you learned about my “Why Flying is so Expensive”
video, airlines do have to put consideration into where
they fly based on overflight fees. Canadian overflight fees are notoriously expensive. They work
on a variable cost structure based on takeoff weight and distance flown so I won’t go
into actual numbers. Almost any flight originating in the US has
to fly through expensive Canadian airspace en-route to Europe as you learned in my video
about the North Atlantic Tracks, but airlines do
have strategies to lower these costs. The most efficient route between San Francisco
and Frankfurt goes north through Montana, up over
north-east Canada, then across Greenland, Iceland, and down into Europe; however, airlines
don’t always use this route. On certain days
with certain wind and weather conditions, they’ll fly east through the United States,
then enter Canadian airspace somewhere over Minneapolis
or Chicago so that they’ll pay less in Canadian overflight fees. Complicated route planning software takes
all variables—weight, weather, overflight fees, etc—into account and figures
out what route is most financially efficient, even if
it wastes time or fuel. Moving on, the second freedom of the air is
the right for airlines to land in foreign countries for technical stops. Essentially, that means refueling. Modern airplanes have ranges of
up to 9,000 miles, so there’s little need anymore for refueling stops, but in the past
they were crucial for long-haul flights. Shannon airport, in western Ireland, once
received hundreds of flights per day despite being located in a
exceptionally rural area. The nearest large city to
Shannon, Limerick, has a population of less than 100,000, but geographically, Shannon
airport is the nearest airport to the US so back when
airplanes had shorter ranges they’d make a stop to
refuel in Shannon before continuing on to their continental european destination. During the era
of the Soviet Union, almost no airline had permission to overfly the USSR, so airlines
had to literally go the other way round the earth. Nearly every flight between Europe and Asia
was routed with a technical stop in Anchorage,
Alaska to refuel. Obviously this was incredibly
inefficient. Today’s direct Europe-Asia flights take
between 10-12 hours, but back when they stopped in Anchorage they took as many as
22 hours. Despite the huge range of airplanes today,
there are still some flights that require refueling stops. Australia and New Zealand are almost
exactly on the opposite side of the world from London, so any flight between the two
places has to make a stop somewhere. On its London-Sydney flights, Qantas Airlines
makes a stop in Dubai, and on flights between London and Auckland,
Air New Zealand stops in Los Angeles. It
is expected, however, that within weeks or days of this video going up, Qantas airlines
will announce a new direct route between Perth
in Western Australia and London with their 787-900
Dreamliners which would be the first direct commercial service in history between Europe
and Australia. This 9,000 mile trek would take an immense
18 hours to connect the two continents. The third freedom of the air is pretty simple—the
right to fly commercially from one’s own country to another country. This is just like Air France flying Paris
to New York, or Singapore Airlines flying Singapore to Dubai. Almost every international airline is granted
this third freedom. The forth freedom is just the inverse of this—the
right to fly commercially from another country to one’s own. There are really no instances where the third
and fourth freedoms are granted separately—if an airline is
allowed to fly somewhere, they’re also allowed to fly
back with passengers. The fifth and final official freedom is the
right for an airline to fly passengers between two foreign countries on a flight originating
or terminating in their own country. Now, this is
very similar to the second freedom and the second and fifth freedoms often, but not always,
granted together. With the second freedom, Qantas is allowed
to stop in Dubai to refuel, but if they’re granted the fifth freedom, Qantas
is also allowed to pick up new paying passengers in
Dubai and fly them to London. Some examples of this freedom include Air
India’s New York- London-Hyderabad route which is allowed to
fly passengers between New York and London, Cathay Pacific’s Hong Kong-Vancouver-New
York route which is allowed to fly passengers between Vancouver and New York, and Ethiopian
Airlines Addis Abada-Dublin-Los Angeles flight which is allowed to fly passengers
between Los Angeles and Dublin, however the king of
all fifth freedom routes has to be United Airlines Island Hopper route between Hawaii
and Guam. This flight stops in Majuro, Marshall Islands;
Kwajalein, Marshall Islands; Pohnpei, Micronesia; and Chuuk, Micronesia and has
fifth freedom rights at every stop, but lets move on
to the sixth freedom. It is a little strange that there is a sixth
freedom in the five freedoms of aviation. There are
actually nine total freedoms, but only the first five are recognized officially in the
ICAO’s five freedoms treaty. While freedoms six through nine are widely
accepted, they are not as universal, except for number six. The sixth freedom is actually unbelievably
common. It’s the right for an
airline to transport passengers from one foreign country to another via their own country. This is
just like Air France taking passengers from New York to Dubai via Paris or Korean Airlines
taking passengers from Frankfurt to Tokyo via Seoul. As you can tell, having six freedom rights
is basically a fancy way to say airlines are allowed to connect passengers. There are whole
airlines that operate almost exclusively using sixth freedom rights. Wow Airlines and Icelandair
take passengers from North America to Europe via Reykjavik; and Turkish, Qatar, Ethiad,
and Emirates airlines take passengers mostly between
Europe, Africa, and Asia via their Middle Eastern hubs. While each of these airlines do have some
passengers only taking a direct flight to their hub, the vast majority of their traffic
is connecting due to their geographic positions between population centers. I’ll finish off by grouping the seventh,
eight, and ninth freedoms together as you’ll see
they’re quite similar and often come together. The seventh freedom allows an airlines to
fly between two foreign nations without continuing
on to its home, the eight freedom is the right for
an airline to fly between two cities in one foreign country when continuing on to its
own country, and the ninth and final freedom is the right
for an airline to fly between two points in a foreign
country without continuing on to its own country. It’s extremely rare for these freedoms to
be granted, except for in the European Union. You see, the European Union has a single aviation
market, meaning that any airline registered in an EU country is allowed to fly flights
between, to, and from any airport in the EU. Budget Airlines like Ryanair and EasyJet thrive
off this regulation. Despite being an Irish airline, Ryanair is
allowed to fly routes like Edinburgh to London, Paris to Lyon, and other domestic
routes in foreign EU countries due to this single
aviation market. There are almost no other instances worldwide
where foreign airlines are allowed to fly domestic routes. Ryanair is also allowed to fly routes between
two other EU countries, like Paris to Berlin, and from
other EU countries to outside the EU, such as Barcelona
to Fez, Morocco. This is also how Norwegian Airline is allowed
to fly long haul from Sweden, Denmark, and the UK to the US… well, more
or less. You may recall that Norway is actually not
part of the European Union, so they’re not part of the EU’s single aviation market,
but, interestingly, Norwegian Airlines is actually
registered in Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and the UK in order to gain access to the
EU’s single aviation market, as well as the open skies
treaty that allows unlimited and unrestricted flights between the EU and the US. There’s one
really interesting use of these treaties and regulations in the form of short-haul flights
between the Caribbean and United States. Norwegian Airlines offers flights during the
winter months from Boston, New York, and Baltimore to Martinique
and Guadeloupe. And these aren’t
extensions to their long-haul flights using fifth freedom rights. These are standalone flights in
small airplanes—Boston and Baltimore don’t even have Norwegian trans-atlantic flights. Normally a flight like this would never be
allowed, but since Martinique is an overseas region
and Guadeloupe is a overseas territory of France, they’re also part of the EU’s
single aviation market and the open-skies treaty. So those are the five, or rather nine freedoms
of aviation. Aviation is a very politically
charged and complicated subject, but these freedoms do a great job of simplifying and
standardizing airline regulations worldwide. I hope you enjoyed this Wendover Productions
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  1. Karl Dilkington April 19, 2019 at 10:16 pm

    It would be nice if more industries had freedoms like this.
    To ship something by boat from China to Hawaii, it has to go to the mainland US first before being delivered to Hawaii because of regulations.
    So inefficient.

  2. Ruiz Railroad April 21, 2019 at 1:54 am

    Why does the EU hate Angola?

  3. Hassini Houssem April 21, 2019 at 6:59 am

    thank's for the good explanation,
    would it be possible to talk about CDR /ATS route's

  4. iDoggo April 21, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    ethiad lmao etihad

  5. Euan Morse April 25, 2019 at 8:02 pm

    The “Forth” freedom?

  6. Dev Patel April 26, 2019 at 12:15 pm

    Airplanes are like drugs ? for me

  7. carschmn April 27, 2019 at 12:45 am

    2:30 “..and yet the us never asked permission…”. Bro we never ask permission

  8. carschmn April 27, 2019 at 12:54 am

    Icelandair’s model is great because it’s 6-8 hours from most places in the US and Europe.

  9. Doubtful Guest April 28, 2019 at 8:43 pm

    Those overflight fees and that US airspace sure are interesting in consideration of Trump's repeated tantrums over the US paying more than its 'fair share' in the UN and things.

  10. Mahmoud Omer April 29, 2019 at 3:47 pm

    It’s Addis Abeba not Addis Adeba.

  11. Roxanne L April 30, 2019 at 1:02 pm

    Addis Ababa… not Adaba

  12. LBC Spotter May 4, 2019 at 5:28 am

    The longest commercial flight actually served is Singapore – New York (ca. 16500km.) by Singapore Airlines with an A350-9

  13. i dont like the name martin L May 6, 2019 at 7:36 pm


  14. Mini Surf May 9, 2019 at 6:46 pm


  15. John Oke May 10, 2019 at 4:03 pm

    What about Air Canada who does a repositioning flights from Santiago, Chile to Buenos Aries, Argentina

  16. Sam Tilden May 11, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    Tuvalu and Dominica are now both ICAO member states. Also Addis Ababa*

  17. Jorgeyy Boyy May 11, 2019 at 10:32 pm

    You like airplanes?

  18. Sean F May 16, 2019 at 7:56 pm

    This was not explained in soulplane.

  19. anteneh Ketema May 18, 2019 at 10:31 am

    Very nice video. Ethiopian home base is Addis Abeba not Adis adaba

  20. Najam us Saqib May 18, 2019 at 12:22 pm

    Its Addis Ababa not Addis Adaba.

  21. Svensk Fika May 19, 2019 at 8:27 am

    10:45 this boi don't know how Sweden and Finland looks

  22. Dennis Salisbury May 19, 2019 at 10:40 pm

    Very insightful presentation of aviation/airline industry.

  23. Mark Zsenyuk May 20, 2019 at 3:09 am

    Direct flights have a stop, WN use this a lot. Nonstop is the correct term for a flight from point A to point B with no stop.

  24. Ronald Morales May 22, 2019 at 8:14 pm

    787-900 ??? or 787-9 ?

  25. Parka0M May 24, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Yay planes

  26. Parka0M May 24, 2019 at 8:43 pm

    It will take 24 hours from Brisbane to London: 18+6=24

  27. New York Aviation May 27, 2019 at 9:11 pm

    Qantas New York to Los Angeles???

  28. LordAxe May 28, 2019 at 5:24 am

    ICAO had it's first conference/convention in 1944 ? Issue 1 . Flying in Germany can be hazardous . Be mindful of AAA commonly known as flak which can be detrimental to your airplane's flying characteristics. Huge bomber formations such as Lancasters and B17s and sporadic fighter molestation can be tricky hazards to deal with as well . Many many other countries have similar problems . Perhaps we can best sort this all out when WW2 is over , hopefully by Christmas.

  29. PooWaffle May 28, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    I think Finnair had the right to fly in soviet airspace.

  30. Birch Tree May 29, 2019 at 12:55 am

    2016: We can’t fly from eastern Australia to London

    2019: Hmm what plane should we use for Project Sunrise?

  31. Android Gamer HD May 31, 2019 at 3:28 pm

    11:16 Air Canada operates daily flights with their A319 from Frankfurt to Rome and Austrian Airlines operates its A320/A321 on a Daily Manchester to Frankfurt service.

  32. CHOPPERGIRL's AIRWAR June 1, 2019 at 3:36 pm

    The airspace over any country is not sovereign airspace – you can't own shit you can't plant a flag in, and even then, just because you stab a flag in it don't make it yours. The air is a commons that belongs to everyone to use. Don't let any statists fool you into believing otherwise, that they can partition off airspace and keep you out of it.

  33. Anthony Warf June 4, 2019 at 7:47 pm

    You spelled fourth wrong

  34. Balex L June 6, 2019 at 1:01 pm

    There's also Cathay Pacific's Hong Kong-Dubai-Jeddah and Air China's Beijing-Madrid-Sao Paulo

  35. aresef June 7, 2019 at 1:12 am

    Also, most airlines avoid airspace over North Korea or controlled by North Korea for obvious security reasons, to say nothing of avoiding overflight fees. Under sanctions, paying those fees to North Korea might be illegal.

  36. brion ace June 9, 2019 at 11:30 pm

    Hey!!!!! That's not where Turkey is located.

  37. Alexander Doeringer-Smith June 11, 2019 at 1:44 am

    Wow just realized in 2019 (long after this was posted) that @ 7:51 he forgot a “u” in “fourth” and spelled it “the forth freedom of the air”

  38. Anton Festin June 12, 2019 at 3:12 pm

    10:59 messed up sweden and finlands borders

  39. TheRacoonGhost June 13, 2019 at 10:15 am

    so… this video is basically about how norwegian air uses every loophole in the books and then some more to fly however and where ever it wants.

  40. Narumonda Nauli June 13, 2019 at 4:12 pm

    I've been on 2 5th-freedom flights: Air France from Singapore to Jakarta, and KLM from Jakarta to Kuala Lumpur v.v.

    Currently KLM still serves the route while Air France had terminated its Jakarta-route in 2016

    And the KLM Jakarta-Kuala Lumpur flight is the cheapest option to fly from Jakarta with wide-body jets
    Also the only European carrier still flying to/from Jakarta regularly

  41. Freddy Lubin June 15, 2019 at 7:32 am

    I feel that WATER on the plane should be a right. You can't find drinking fountains on most airports, buy expensive bottled water they don't allow you to bring on the plane, then have to spend another insane sum to stay hydrated.

  42. weaktech June 15, 2019 at 11:18 am

    13:07 don't forget to pay yourself thou bro – you deserve it : )

  43. Alex Lee June 15, 2019 at 10:22 pm

    3:50 what the hell did you just call us Aussies? Maluesian ?

  44. Orka DRLJAČA June 17, 2019 at 8:16 am

    ……lol US hasent respected soverengty ever since korea, vietnam, middle east, serbia on and on and on…..

  45. Music Man June 17, 2019 at 9:03 pm

    "When in doubt blame Canadians." Why it costs Americans to fly to Europe, freaking Canada.

  46. Sorsa Ayana June 17, 2019 at 11:38 pm

    Addis Ababa. Ababa means flower and Addis means new.

  47. randobad June 18, 2019 at 5:48 am

    They need to take the freedoms of aviation and apply to freedom of world populations.

  48. Knedlik MCPE June 20, 2019 at 1:12 pm

    I think the legal line should be 100km (kármán line)

  49. Nate-[COD] Fida June 21, 2019 at 3:51 am

    8:46 it's
    A-D-D-I-S A-B-A-B-A
    how u gonna spell my city's name like that ;-;

  50. lou daman June 21, 2019 at 4:22 am

    all these rules are seriously stupid and only common sense

  51. morpheus305 June 21, 2019 at 5:30 am

    So all these rules apply to commercial flights. What about private flights? Do they have to pay fees over foreign airspace?

  52. CL Huang June 22, 2019 at 4:52 am

    Isn't the 6th law just a specific combination of 3 and 4th law?

  53. Coban June 22, 2019 at 9:54 pm

    Canada: Expensive Airspace

    Also Canada:

  54. Bob Greene June 23, 2019 at 5:49 am

    Very nice work on a complex subject– thank you for the effort. Will visit and look over Patreon.

  55. mercedbread June 23, 2019 at 7:55 pm

    respect Jamaica. SAY OUR NAME

  56. Matthew Brooder June 24, 2019 at 2:32 am


  57. DΔRIO MΔRCHESI June 24, 2019 at 3:37 pm

    WOW AIR aint taking no one no where… zero freedom

  58. FKPlauge June 25, 2019 at 4:36 am

    Why in the thumbnail the country c has a shape like of France?

  59. Stefani J Weisshaar June 26, 2019 at 10:30 am

    One of the things I like about your channel are the thumbnails for your videos. They are both very creative and eye catching and to the point – most important. They’re also not overdone though. So many great videos are hiding behind very average thumbnails, or lack consistency and brand identity, or simply send the wrong message.

  60. Okeefe Vorabouthvongsa June 27, 2019 at 5:34 am

    When they pay the fees who get it sound like another private corp

  61. Tanay Kapadia June 29, 2019 at 10:43 am

    Just like Ryan Air, Air Asia has also thrived off of the 7th, 8th and 9th Rule of Aviation. It runs domestic flights in India, while being a Malaysian Airline. It basically flies from and to, every large airport in South and Southeast Asia.

  62. Lunar Larkyn McClown D'Artagnan June 29, 2019 at 11:17 pm

    Walang philippine air line kasi nga mga tikbalang aswang at iba pa kaya hindi na kailangan yan??

  63. Yusril Abdul June 30, 2019 at 2:55 pm

    Chicago.. … ..Ysl

  64. Sara E July 2, 2019 at 9:36 am

    1:24 Qatar Airways over most Gulf airspace.

  65. Jj Sam July 7, 2019 at 3:03 am

    thanks for this great video!!!

  66. mrmuranga July 7, 2019 at 8:14 pm


  67. Daniel Craig July 9, 2019 at 3:17 pm

    Worst map of Sweden Ive ever seen. Great video though

  68. Sniper Swick July 10, 2019 at 12:47 am

    This is some excellent shit. You should do something with Joe Rogan someday…….other than smoking weed that is…..

  69. Casimir Hoke July 10, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    I am so confused

  70. Gaurav Kumar Nilay July 11, 2019 at 1:01 am

    can you explain how could pakistan shut its airspace for all india bound flights

  71. Dynamic Solution July 13, 2019 at 4:23 pm

    FU canada…If a foreign nation started invading your air space we would have to come defend it for you!!!!

  72. Theo Maina July 15, 2019 at 8:32 am

    Adis ABABA not ADABA

  73. mortred154 July 15, 2019 at 8:37 pm

    nmi OMGFG

  74. adriel wilson July 16, 2019 at 6:34 pm

    When you say that there are almost no other instances where "foreign airlines" are allowed to fly domestically there is a massive gray area. General Aviation and in US part 135 operations (non-scheduled commercial) do this all the time, although cabotage rules vary from country to country and can become very complex.

  75. Tyrell Nelson July 17, 2019 at 2:34 am

    2:22 Its Canada! They probably made public announcement saying soe-ree aboot that eh for getting in the way.

  76. Rafael Gorelik July 18, 2019 at 5:25 am

    Many airlines are not allowed to fly over russia

  77. David Claro July 18, 2019 at 7:45 am

    Wow! This is really cool to know. Thanks!

  78. Helton Malambane July 18, 2019 at 10:00 am

    Ethiopian is currently getting domestic routes in some African countries such as Mozambique and Malawi

  79. Mark Schultz July 18, 2019 at 3:49 pm

    7:51 The "Forth" freedom of aviation?

  80. Joey R July 18, 2019 at 10:16 pm

    Ireland has Stockholm syndrome

  81. Conservatively Stupid July 19, 2019 at 8:12 pm

    Lel brexit

  82. Adam Bernstein July 20, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    2:02 No that is only the point at which U.S Air force pilots get their astronaut wings, that's not the same as saying the US believes space starts at that level, the US believes it starts at the karman line.

  83. Ruturaj Dharav July 21, 2019 at 10:05 am

    Why and how USA has so much air space ?? ??

  84. Zaide Rihani July 23, 2019 at 9:18 pm

    Why is the fourth aviation spelled like 'forth'? Is that how some people in other countries spell it, is that how it used to be spelled in 1944 or whenever the conference was, or was it just a typo?

  85. remliv July 25, 2019 at 3:55 pm

    You are stupid

    ly smart, gotcha.

  86. GHustle4 July 25, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    @00:18 I paused left this message of there is not one person of color in that damn picture! when you do history you'll find out the shit was stolen SMFH I can't wait until the world is wiped clean and restarted and the heads would be different sick of this white history bs

  87. Isuzu Slider July 29, 2019 at 5:09 pm

    You could just fly north or south pass the poles its more direct than going horizontal around the globe…

  88. FloridaSpotter July 29, 2019 at 5:11 pm

    Another good example of the fifth freedom is Singapore airlines stopping in Frankfurt on their way to NYC with the a380

  89. Peter Kitching July 31, 2019 at 6:51 am

    11:14 emmmm…. Northern Ireland? Are you ok?

  90. RandomGuineaPig Aviation August 3, 2019 at 9:12 am

    you forgot jetstar does domestic in nz and japan when discussing 9th freedom

  91. Gokhan Yurtsever August 4, 2019 at 9:10 pm

    Best YouTube channel ever.

  92. Channel 8 August 7, 2019 at 11:08 am

    *Addis Ababa.
    Come on now, It's not that difficult to get that right??‍♂️

  93. dangernoodle148 August 7, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    So I can't fly my 747 over Angola… I'll keep that in mind.

  94. Nathan W August 10, 2019 at 8:18 am

    Wait, you think the space shuttle overflew Canada and landed in Florida? Wtf?

  95. Nathan W August 10, 2019 at 8:24 am

    Forth freedom? Seriously? Learn to spell.

  96. Colesfruitdrink August 11, 2019 at 3:20 am

    According to all known laws of aviation, there is no way that a bee should be able to fly. Its wings are too small to get its fat little body off the ground. The bee, of course, flies anyways. Because bees don't care what humans think is impossible

  97. toon mostinckx August 11, 2019 at 9:28 pm

    Does Russia obligate all those five aviatation rules?

  98. Cindy D. August 12, 2019 at 11:52 am

    addis what?

  99. MWB Gaming August 13, 2019 at 7:31 am

    I have a feeling that Malaysia airlines didn't pay ukrainian overflight fees, as such, MH17 was shot down, y'know because the Soviets don't fuck around

  100. Nicholas Mortell August 13, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    Devry university ads are impeccably awful, and I dont know why I only see them on videos from this channel.

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