Star Trails Photography Tutorial: Take Pictures at Night


Hi, I’m Tony Northrup and for my book
Stunning Digital Photography, I’d like to show you
how to take photos of star trails. now if you
happen to be in the northern hemisphere you’ll be able to spot the North star
which resides right up here about the planet well quite a ways in the distance and it seems to remain stationary the
trip to the North Star is that every other star guy in the northern
hemisphere were involved around and then why should
create these circular star trails anytime you’re pointed North
star trails start and and right here at your
computer per step is to identify a good night to go out and take a picture out star
trails the things you look for our really cold and dry night now you want to be cold because the air
tends to be a little bit drier and clear and they will cause class
diffraction the incoming light basically wields the
Sea The Stars much sharper you also want a night with no moon what
so ever any sort of Moon if it’s going to
be in that part this guy is going to cast light in the sky it’s going to
factory thing you just won’t be able to see the stars as sharply so what I do is I open up my there right
after this kind of thing that photographers a members its free for a Windows and Mac
I put in their location then I’m going to be at and it tells me the moon rise and set
time so you can see that the moon is rising at
643 and its setting at our 455 p am so I should be able to take pictures
in the middle of the night and not have them unlike interfere with
it now we also need to find a location the location should be as far from any
sort of street lights or city lights as possible even if the streetlight isn’t in the
frame what you find is that the life ministry they still gets to practice in
the air and mixing little bit less clear doesn’t mean you can’t go in your
backyard and neighborhood and take some star trails but it’s going to turn out
better but farther away you get from your
street lights now the next up is going to be to set up
your camera and I’m still going to do this inside for one it’s gonna be much easier for
you to see if it’s not in the middle of the night and to you’re gonna need to do this by
hand in the day like to make sure you know
how when you get out there under the right conditions for star trails it’s
going to be hitch pitch black you might be in the
seat then you’re going to see the buttons on your camera you won’t know what you doing you
probably also be cold in your fingers will start to go numb star trails can be really physically
demanding so it’s really important you know exactly how to set up your camera
and do it in the daylight first and then when you get out there is going to be
much easier for you just because it is going
to be talking or bring a flashlight or better get a head lamp
that you can easily turn on up so here’s what you need for your
camera need yourself a good steady tripod the
bigger and heavier the better it doesn’t hurt if you have
either above a level that you can put on top of your camera or electronic level in your camera and
the reason for that is that at night it’s really hard to get your
camera level because it’s going to be some dark you’re looking to the viewfinder and
China Sea The Horizon and you’re just not going to be able to
tell now they have your camera on a released a
tripod and you have a level you’re going to set up your camera
first thing I like to do is attach a really wide angle lens the more wide
angle the better because it’s good to capture as much in the sky as you
possibly can set that lands to manual focus and then adjusts the focus to be near infinity now as you look at the
focus ring on it you’re going to see a little
infinity symbol and a line you want to focus at the wine that mark
since then the and not just all the way to one end up your camera
because most lenders focus past infinity so focus your lands to the
Infinity marking now but you camera into manual
mode you want is what the shutter speed have
38 seconds and an aperture up act for or whatever
the lowest ebb that number your lawn supports is now such a I so too 1600 and take a test shot now when you take
this shot is going to take 30 seconds so start it and then just wait around don’t also your camera don’t mess with
the one can be completely still at that thirty seconds elapse is you want to zoom into your picture
preview and then zoom all the way in so you can see individual
pixels make sure that the stars are nice and
sharp if they’re not sharp then you need to go back and adjust the focus a little
bit and retested until they are sharp now that you have your camera setup and
the pixels are nice and sharp we’re going to take a dark frame shot so
what you can do is put a lens cap on your lens or keep all my advice and get
your lens caps I just put a hat or coat or something
over your lens cap so it’s completely dark
and then again take that same thirty second shot it’s going to be
mostly black frame but what happens is cameras going to record some noise this
is just Mb in no way is it will be bright pixels that don’t work properly
industry stuff going on with the sensor every camera has nothing to be worried
about but when we won the pictures too soft for
later Williams attract out that dark frame
what all do is to create Norway’s free images on the rest out the
pictures in the series we set up our camera for 30 second exposure earlier now so the
shutter for continuous shooting it’s the same mode you’d use
for sports where you hold the shutter down and just
click click click click click click click just keeps taking pictures so I do that
with a 30 second exposure but it works great so now they have your shutters that too
continuous you’re going to hook up a remote shutter release just anything that will lock the shutter open
so I have one such device here this is a fifteen dollar remote shutter timer and a I came to a brand is because
it generic and their lease under a bunch of different names that’s in it under their young own brand and such
petty and a handful Peter um anyway it’ll look like this it’ll cost
you like 15-20 bucks American and you don’t even need the timer
features for right now all you need is the slider that allows you to cold the shutter open this is exactly like holding the shutter
button down on your camera and just keeping your
finger there for hours but if you did that you be shaken a camera
around and you probably get pretty bored sup you plug this into the camera makes you
get one that matches your camera model because they’re different connectors and then lot the shower open and your on
your way you can was going to be taking new shot
every 30 seconds so go do some light painting or read a
book with flashlight and keep yourself busy
while your camera works is going to take hours does is that your camera though
because as the temperature changes condensation
can form an alliance up depends how humid as and how much
doctors changing but I like to check my camera every 10
or 15 minutes or so special concern the summer and maybe a little more humid you have to get up there and just wipe
the lands claimed so bring yourself in absorbent went free cough and just like that Lansdowne every
now and then otherwise you’ll get all this
condensation on the lands at war absolutely run the pictures get going it may be 10-15 minutes usable
pictures where can we shouldn’t keep an eye on
the sky to if a cloud rolls past will happen is it
will ruin all your star trail that has happened
time and time again I got text our jail pictures as nice and clear when I started than 20
minutes and clouds roll past and they might come and go in just a
couple minutes but they’ll be locked into your long
exposure annual to see the streak a white along
be attractive or anything and a pretty much bail on it if any sort
of clouds roll and that’s why I want to pick a nice clear
night we’re not predicting any sort of clouds what so ever up how to stay out too as long as you can I took my exposure at about two and a half
hours that was over 300 different thirty second
exposures and stack them so you will see what those look like but the long you stay out the better now
that you have your exposures it’s time to go back to the
computer and copied those pictures to your
computer now I like to use Lightroom and process
the raw files my room allows me to easily
apply the same setup settings to the entire
group photo so which is even get these pictures on
there is the same thing that you’ll see on any night photography picture your
policy is it’ll be really orange and the colors will look at it also you
need to play with the white balance some and probably need to adjust the exposure
you want the stars to be nice and bright in the sky to be nice and dark so just
the black levels and the white levels but apply the exact same settings to all those pictures now we’re going to export those pictures as Jay pag files into a single folder with those pictures exported we can now
open up the application they like to use and it’s called star stacks so let’s do that now you gonna quit that first toolbar button
to open up the images been an easy with a slight all
the pictures in a folder is to press Control day now you can see all your input images in
here that’s what that’s second to our button to subtract that your dark frame it happen captured are crammed
that’s okay it just helps reduce your noise a little bit now before you process the images you
need to go over into the Preferences tab you can open it by
clicking the gear icon here and the blending mode I’m
going to ask you to pick gap filling this works the best is not
selected by default though and if you had dark images be sure to
select the subtract dark images checkbox as we all you need to do so up next you hit that last button which is start processing and their
computers going to run for a while once it’s done you’re ready to finish up and save your final photo the gap filling no doubt stars tax will fill in
some gaps and gaps are pretty common and they have been for a couple reasons
one maybe you had to stop a camper secondly clean the condensation of the lands or if you ran
outta batteries and yes walked in a nice warm battery to keep the camera going
sometimes a somebody walks in front of your camera
and runs a particular exposure or maybe a light shine then anyone into
any had totally different if you’re really not picky about it might take out the frames that have airplanes flying
through them because you don’t like that dotted line can running your star trails and
any of those missing frames gonna cause a slight gap in your star trails so the gap billing
mode here can actually those in for you it’s pretty smart it
just looks for the star trails and then fills in any gaps in them so
what you gonna do is click this wrench icon over on the
right and it’s like the show threshold overlay checkbox they can adjust this threshold
here until it shows gesture star trails and green the causing your shot is to the
horizon the more interference gonna get and the
less useful the gap filling tool is going to
be but I still find it helpful so when a justice until pretty much just
the stars are green and you don’t have anything else in green and then just
week the amount to fill in the gaps as efficiently as possible basically with the amount you need
actually save the file file and if the salsa gaps in their
crate the amount of some save the file again and continue that
into you happy with the process so the gap filling to war tweet you can finally save your final taping
file it’s a little tricky party the user interface here but the Save As button is actually the third
button on the toolbar don’t click this button accidentally it
looks a lot like the disc button here click this button start processing and
then you’re gonna be waiting an hour again like computer processor pictures
up be sure to click that third Save As
button and save that Jay pag file I think any
picture you share with friends you should take the time to at so here
is my final edited star trails picture I had
to go in and tweak the levels a little bit make
the stars little clear and they’ve been brushed and a separate
foreground up the building just taken from one the single shots and the reason
for that is is you’re having a outing with somebody
standing digital photography readers and they were doing light
painting so that light painting showed up into my pictures not a big deal because I was stacking
pictures anyway so I just act the foreground from one image and kept the combine star
trails to produce this final result now night photography is
challenging especially in role areas so make sure you work through the
practices in chapter 10 before even attempting this and read through
the night retiree chapter in its entirety or another this is going
to make sense to you if you like this video please check out
my book stunning digital photography which is
more than three hours and videos just like this when you
buy the book you also get free updates for life and you get access to that stunning
digital photography readers group where you can have your photos critiqued
and you can even join us on our reader outings now and then the any
questions contact me on Facebook look at the
northern retiree page and get that alike and you can write me directly on their
thanks so much

100 Comments

  1. Tony & Chelsea Northrup April 24, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    ⭐Some of our favorite tripods⭐
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    ?Lightroom 6 Book: http://help.tc/l
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    ?Buying Guide: http://help.tc/b

  2. My Name July 2, 2017 at 7:14 pm

    In your opinion what is the best camera for the beginner to shoot star trails?

  3. Brian C July 4, 2017 at 8:01 am

    Should you use a fish eye lens for stars? when should you use a fish eye lens.

  4. khawbears July 6, 2017 at 7:40 pm

    Can I use a 30 mm lens for this?

  5. Ctyler93 July 18, 2017 at 7:38 pm

    I'm having trouble getting setup with that application it's asking for some things that make me nervous anyone dealt with this?

  6. Jackson Catlett July 19, 2017 at 7:21 pm

    my nikon kit lens doesn't have an infinity focus symbol. how can i find it?

  7. Good Free Photos July 30, 2017 at 2:44 am

    I generally do 20 secs since 30 secs starts to give me trails.

  8. Denis Elias August 5, 2017 at 9:14 pm

    Great Video!
    Do you think a couple of 30sec videos is better that a lets say 2h shot with a filter?

  9. Lutz Tebartz August 8, 2017 at 8:46 am

    Where to get the software? ?

  10. A simple neurose August 9, 2017 at 7:55 pm

    I don't personally own a camera or have too much of an interest in photography, but I have to say that this tutorial definitely sparked an interest in me. Your explanations are clear and concise, this video is great. Thanks!

  11. Aravind Parasuram August 16, 2017 at 2:57 pm

    Can I use bulb or time on my Nikon d5300 for the trail

  12. N'th DEGREE AERIAL PERSPECTIVES August 25, 2017 at 12:27 am

    I'm trying long exposure night pics tonight with my Mavic pro drone. I think 8s is the longest I can do. Have you ever tried it with your drone? tips?

  13. Dan Vaught August 25, 2017 at 7:40 pm

    Thanks Tony, great video. I've never really understood the appeal of star trails. The results look like you screwed up when shooting the night sky, LOL.

  14. ckieks August 28, 2017 at 3:35 am

    Is it possible to use the in camera settings for interval shooting to create a timelapse with 30" shots over a desired amount of time, rather than setting your camera up to continuous mode and using an intervalometer? Only asking because I want to go out tonight to try star trails but I don't have an intervalometer. I can see the intervalometer coming in handy if I wanted to shoot say 2 minute exposures and stack those, I just don't understand why I'd need it with the 30 seconds exposure. Am I missing something? Thank you!

  15. Sparkey August 31, 2017 at 11:55 am

    Subbed you, sub back?

  16. Steven Hill September 3, 2017 at 9:11 am

    Just a tip, if any clouds do pass and you see them in your Images, just delete the individual frames and stack the rest in the Star program.
    Not all is lost!

  17. MrSoundSeeker September 7, 2017 at 6:04 pm

    Very helpful as the book of course 🙂

  18. Casa Paradiso September 13, 2017 at 11:08 pm

    Thank you!!! It has been super helpful!

  19. Alex Chan September 18, 2017 at 9:43 pm

    I made a mistake and set my camera to shoot JPG instead of RAW.

  20. Sam Sen October 3, 2017 at 11:00 am

    A very good and comprehensive presentation.

  21. Matt Ledger October 20, 2017 at 2:37 am

    Nice goatee! Seriously though, it threw me off because I just started watching you about a year ago so this is my first throwback. Great work you guys do!

  22. Ryan Ng November 3, 2017 at 4:38 am

    wipe the lens while the shutter is taking the photo???

  23. Užasnuti :: Horrified November 14, 2017 at 11:07 am

    Here's the challenge for you, make star trails while taking a ride in a car with a constant speed… Let me know if that's possible. Thanks

  24. Dan Fardz November 15, 2017 at 2:54 am

    I didn't know up until now that Jascha Richter (from Michael Learns to Rock) is also a professional photographer ?

  25. The Hound November 17, 2017 at 2:53 am

    There's a much easier way. It's called film and a shutter release. With slide film all the stars don't look white.

  26. Dasein Dani December 4, 2017 at 1:25 am

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjPoX_rAxvk
    SO i made that star trails video and i thought… can I still improve…the answer was yes the moment i found your video…thanks a lot

  27. Andy K December 7, 2017 at 3:44 pm

    Thanks

  28. Saad Ali December 15, 2017 at 8:33 pm

    Why not just use the bulb mode ?

  29. b2unoo7 January 11, 2018 at 3:20 pm

    5 yrs later and after looking for hundreds of Tony's tuts, i get to see this… Tony in YT beginings 🙂

  30. FARIS ALBJWAYA January 14, 2018 at 7:38 pm

    thank you ❤️

  31. rockjavs52 January 17, 2018 at 10:26 am

    your video is overexposed

  32. Harsh Pahuja January 21, 2018 at 11:17 am

    Can't it be done in bulb mode?

  33. James Creaney January 21, 2018 at 9:46 pm

    Ad city

  34. Jesse Ison February 1, 2018 at 8:13 pm

    awesome video!! Anyone mind checking out my videos!! Please!! ???

  35. TJack Survival February 9, 2018 at 10:22 am

    My Sony A7SII has an app. Turn on. push go. LOL, All jokes aside this was a valuable video thanks.

  36. Wes Chilton February 13, 2018 at 4:00 pm

    Or just use a dew heater…. 😉

  37. Rids Nepal February 14, 2018 at 5:59 am

    Still the best star trails tutorial on youtube, thanks Tony! May be you could update it in 2018 with the latest lenses for best star trail pics and may be there are new software tools available beside the still excellent StarStax

  38. Free Speech February 26, 2018 at 11:59 pm

    gap filling is fake star trails.

  39. Danko Zaika February 28, 2018 at 6:05 pm

    Don't you think that you're a little overexposed?

  40. HopeFullSpiritFlyer1 March 4, 2018 at 2:40 pm

    hello.

    thank you for yours vidoes.

    i'm very new in all about camera pitcture… but like yours videos. when you say you clean the lens when mist on it. how you "stop" picture while cleaning?

    thank you;

  41. Duan Torruellas March 9, 2018 at 6:26 am

    The circular star trails is one of many things prove the earth isnt flat , case closed.

  42. LP PHOTOGRAPHYPRO March 12, 2018 at 1:46 am

    good tips

  43. Prakash Kumar Shee March 20, 2018 at 4:47 am

    Hi Tony! I am a regular follower of your page and videos. I really liek your videos, they are amazing. I have a question regarding this star trails image. How did you insert a different foreground in this photo? did you use photoshop for that? Is there another tutorial for that process? I am a budding photographer and I am really into this field now. Thanks a lot for reading this.

  44. Jaromir Dub March 29, 2018 at 6:11 am

    Earth is flat and not spinning

  45. A New Perspective Films March 30, 2018 at 2:10 am

    Genius with the dark frame, I've been doing astrophotography for years and never thought about doing that A+

  46. Ryan McNames April 1, 2018 at 2:16 pm

    these captions tho. lol.

  47. TheHanfiHanf April 5, 2018 at 12:35 am

    There is coffee on your shirt ;D

  48. Sister Mary Clements April 27, 2018 at 5:09 am

    Not to go off topic, but shooting star strails proves that the earth is flat. Supposedly the earth is spinning, and that means your tripod is too (unless you're at the exact north pole). So how on earth, if your tripod is spinning for several hours, does Polaris stay a centred dot? It should be a U-shaped smere, because you're camera and tripod have shifted position.
    The only way your fixed tripod and camera can keep Polaris centred, no matter what latitude you're at, is if the stars rotate around you, with Polaris being the centre of rotation.
    The earth is stationary, and the sky is one, giant rotating something lol
    Peace

  49. Heed the Seen May 11, 2018 at 5:58 am

    Those flat-earth cavemen need to start taking notes.

  50. Nilotpal Dey May 17, 2018 at 11:59 am

    Great video Tony.. Thanks a lot…

  51. Ugo Salza May 17, 2018 at 2:18 pm

    Does your book on Amazon "How to Create Stunning Digital Photography" covers the details of this video? Thanks,

  52. Ugo Salza May 17, 2018 at 2:29 pm

    Just bought the
    How to Create Stunning Digital Photography, and the two recommendations that goes with it… I look forward to using and will be commenting on them, thanks for the video tutorial.

  53. Sameepa Namjoshi May 27, 2018 at 5:56 am

    Is there any other alternative for the remote?

  54. John Buterbaugh May 30, 2018 at 5:18 pm

    It looks like he spilled coffee on his very nice sweater, but I don't think that's what happened…

  55. ytrebiLeurT May 31, 2018 at 5:06 pm

    Open the shutter for two hours and rotate the camera simultaneously to the rotation of the earth…

  56. P4Reece June 27, 2018 at 11:33 am

    Why would you ditch your lens caps?

  57. eyes wide shut June 27, 2018 at 4:32 pm

    research flat earth…….. 🙂

  58. RobbyJHope June 30, 2018 at 3:58 am

    Tony with facial hair, before my arrival to this channel!

  59. Hilti Lions July 6, 2018 at 1:38 am

    You sound like CGP Grey!!!

  60. Tim Smith July 25, 2018 at 3:22 pm

    cesar milan really lost weight

  61. Tom Martin July 28, 2018 at 11:13 pm

    It used to be so simple with film. The most important thing was aperature setting. The rest was in the developing and printing. Dodge burn here and there. No way could you sharpen it. Amazing.

  62. Samuel j August 15, 2018 at 10:26 am

    Is this a video? I just see a pic till end ?

  63. Kamil Nikodem August 18, 2018 at 1:10 am

    Very nice!

  64. AR 23 August 18, 2018 at 5:40 pm

    You must be a flat earther

  65. All Things Eastern August 20, 2018 at 8:40 pm

    Just bring a flashlight with you so you can see what you're doing. The ones that you can wear on your head free up both your hands.

  66. Gran Caballo Buena Suerte September 1, 2018 at 3:18 pm

    Hi friend, I will propose you a new project, I hope you can do it and upload a video to youtube showing us the result of this. I cannot do it because I don't have the ways to do that (like the camera). The project is very simple, I see many videos showing STAR TRAILS but I cannot found a video showing CLOUD TRAILS and I'm not meaning CHEMTRAILS, I'm telling you to record the clouds in the same way as you do with the stars. I want to know what is the result of this, maybe its a great clue to know more about the earth "rotation" or the movement of the skys. thanks.

  67. Joe McClinton September 3, 2018 at 2:44 pm

    how do you apply one pictures settings to the whole group?

  68. Pawel W September 10, 2018 at 1:31 pm

    Nice trick with continuous shooting instead of B mode and one exposure.

  69. Irfan Triple A September 21, 2018 at 11:24 am

    how to apply editing to all the photos?

  70. Derek Dailey October 7, 2018 at 1:24 am

    Nice tutorial. Dew tip: You can buy USB powered lens heaters to keep the dew off of your lens, this is much better than trying to fight the dew with a cloth.

  71. fgsz291 November 6, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    Hi.

  72. eugyero November 18, 2018 at 4:36 am

    garbage

  73. Michael November 18, 2018 at 7:13 pm

    you mentioned in the video that this was 300+ exposures/2.5hrs. But I put some trails together and 45 exposures stacked almost seemed too much. Any reason in the disparity in the number of stacked exposures? Could it be the time of year?

  74. VI god November 25, 2018 at 11:58 am

    My lens doesnt show focus points on it… is there a way that ı can find the infinity point ?

  75. Thomas December 2, 2018 at 8:34 am

    Ditch lens caps? Why does he say that?

  76. Archie Pina December 8, 2018 at 12:11 am

    Omg. I love this.

  77. Timothy1982 December 13, 2018 at 3:40 am

    How to prevent battery from dying during all that shooting?

  78. Photoextremist December 17, 2018 at 8:49 pm

    Beautiful Photo Tony

  79. S.B. January 4, 2019 at 7:47 am

    Suparb tutorial, thank you very much??

  80. Lana January 22, 2019 at 7:32 pm

    Couldn't get Starstax to work.

  81. [email protected] DO_73327 February 3, 2019 at 12:51 pm

    Hi Tony. Thanks to you and Chelsea for all that I’ve learned so far from watching your tutorials. I’ve only been experimenting with photography for about a year now and I have a question. In the beginning of this video you mention that a cold night is good but I have concerns. When I bring my camera back inside, after photographing the stars, will condensation damage my camera?

  82. Boris Chiu February 15, 2019 at 9:08 am

    Hi Tony, theres sth u reli hv to help me! Ive shot some photos in long exposure and edit in b&w. After stacking photos in starstax with photos edited in NEF(RAW) in Lightroom, there are colour banding in the white areas of the photo especially in the sky(as my photo has skies in it), how do i solve this prob?

  83. Lucas Sullivan March 21, 2019 at 5:30 pm

    Wow! Amazing Photography!

  84. Lisa DiMascio March 22, 2019 at 12:52 am

    What if the camera doesn't have infinite focus??

  85. Abraham Moore March 24, 2019 at 6:52 pm

    I'm a Huge Fan Of Your Incredible Knowledge. Thanks Professor?? Knowledge???Is My Number One Favorite No Matter What!

  86. 5520211 March 29, 2019 at 12:21 am

    you looks like Timothy Olyphant

  87. Vaughn Sigal April 9, 2019 at 11:35 am

    way easier way to get infinity on focus is just auto-focus something far away (30m away should do the trick) then switch it to manual focus and leave it there.

  88. Jaymz Kson April 24, 2019 at 6:30 pm

    Wow starstax is free

  89. Free Gamer May 3, 2019 at 4:16 am

    thanks for the software ….I literally searched everywhere for this !

  90. Twin Rhyme May 4, 2019 at 3:56 pm

    how does he look like my damn basketball coach?

  91. PapaQ June 20, 2019 at 4:55 am

    woaaaaah, classic Tony! 6 years old!

    Still great stuff.

  92. Gilson Tristan June 24, 2019 at 1:19 am

    Thanks Tony, very nice tutorial. I've been using that for a while and just found an issue using this technique for Nikon users, that is the maximum number of shots in continuous mode is limited to 100, after that it is required to press the shutter button again, so for Nikon users the intervalometer is necessary for unlimited number of shots.

  93. Kryptonic_Icee June 24, 2019 at 11:25 pm

    Ig he didn't mind to have his face overexposed looking Like Casper

  94. Plyst MaTriX July 5, 2019 at 11:02 pm

    Earth's Flat, pay more attention to it!

  95. Bryan Sales July 29, 2019 at 11:19 am

    I grew up with National Geographic magazine. Now I’m amazed how they did star trails back then when there were no digital applications.

  96. dan tolino July 29, 2019 at 4:55 pm

    Who shot this? Pancho your gardener?

  97. Tami Patterson July 30, 2019 at 3:06 pm

    What was the name of the photographers app mentioned at the beginning of the video.

  98. Tami Patterson July 30, 2019 at 3:36 pm

    Can you give a link for star stacks? I can’t find it.

  99. Happy Tang August 1, 2019 at 4:12 pm

    Hi Tony, beginner here. When you say wipe the lens every now and then while the camera is still shooting, is it going to affect the picture?

  100. John Evans August 7, 2019 at 2:06 pm

    Ditch your lens caps?

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