GPU vs CPU Video Rendering and Video Editing


– Hey everybody, this is Roberto
Blake of robertoblake.com and today I’m geeking out with you over an interesting topic. We’re gonna be talking
about GPU verses CPU in video editing and rendering. Now, if you’re into video
editing at all like I am then you’ve often tried to decide whether you should spend
more money on your CPU, which is the brains of the computer, or your GPU, your video graphics card. Now, as a graphic designer
and somebody who also does video editing and After Effects
and all this other stuff, there have been conflicting debates and arguments about this over the years. A lot of people because the word graphics is in graphic design,
assume that you need a powerful GPU in order to
do things like Photoshop. Well, you really don’t. But, when it comes to video editing, when it comes to using
things like After Effects or 3D modeling or video editing and rendering from Premiere Pro, there are advantages to
having a graphics card, a very powerful one, if you can afford it. But, at the end of the day, I honestly have to say that it is better to spend more money into your CPU. The CPU does the bulk of the work when it comes to video rendering. When it comes to video editing and you want great displays
in full resolution, you wanna use special effects, you wanna do color grading, you want smooth video playback with no delay or drop frames, then that’s when a graphics
card can really help out. It also can help out in
rendering and speed things up. In my case, when I added the
GTX 1070 from Nvidia and Asus, I used the Asus Republic of
Gamers ROG Strix edition, well for me, that cut my
video rendering times in half. And you would think that that indicates that GPU matters more, but
the reason that helps so much is because it takes some of the burden off of the CPU from doing other tasks so that it can focus on
what it really needs to do. So in combination, these things working together as a team is
really what’s important. Also, multiple GPUs set up in SLI are specifically to help you out with things that involve gaming. When it comes to video
editing and rendering, if you’re gonna use two graphics cards, then they need to be stand
alone graphics cards, they don’t need to be SLI or Crossfire. That’s a gaming thing not a video editing and rendering thing. So, keep that in mind. If you were gonna buy two
very good graphics cards, you’re looking at $600 to $700. You’d be better served spending that kind of money in a very powerful CPU. Either a very advanced
six core or eight core CPU would be a better investment
of that type of money and then using a powerful
single graphics card for $300 or $400, five if you’ve got it. The graphics cards that I
would recommend right now are the GTX 1070 from
whichever brand you prefer and also the GTX 980TI. These are relatively in
the same price range. As of the making of this video, you’ll pay somewhere
between $450 and $550, but these graphics cards
are gonna probably be the best bang for your buck overall when it comes to video
playback performance when you’re editing and
rendering from programs like Premiere and After Effects. As far as CPUs, you’re
gonna want something like an i7 ideally and you’re gonna want a minimum of four cores. I currently run four cores at 4.4 Ghz but a little bit of overclocking and I think that does really well for me and it’s great within most price ranges but if you can pop $480, $560 for something a little bit more robust, if you can get a six core,
i7 Skylake processor, then you’re probably better
off spending the money there. I’ll talk about RAM in a second video, but 16 gigs is plenty. Whenever I’ve done my video rendering, that’s about the most that it’s utilized. If you like the ability
to maybe do something else while you’re computer is rendering, do some email or some surfing or whatever else you could be thinking to do, then I would recommend that you go for 24 or 32 gigs of RAM. It may not help with your
video rendering performance. It might help when you’re doing things like After Effects though. So, that’s just something to keep in mind. If you’re doing 3D or
you’re doing any kind of motion graphics, more RAM
is always definitely helpful. If you’re using Final
Cut Pro, in most cases, you can get away with eight gigs because of the way that that
is specifically optimized. You don’t get that much more
out of 16 gigs in the Mac and Final Cut Pro so you
may not need to actually spend as much money on
the fanciest Mac there, it’s better to spend more
money into the processor than anything when it comes to that and possibly getting a Mac that has a better graphics card,
maybe an integrated one. Mac’s running AMD mostly
right now instead of Nvidia. With Photoshop and Premiere
Pro and the Adobe programs, they’re optimized a lot more for the Intel and Nvidia chip sets, so that’s just something
you wanna keep in mind. I’m getting this information
from Adobe’s website, their blogs and the Adobe
Hardware Performance white paper. It’s not something that
I just decided on my own. So I hope you guys
understand a little bit more about the conversation of
video editing and rendering especially when we’re
talking about 4K video, for CPU verses GPU. It is both of them working together, they both have a role to play, but if you’re gonna spend more money, spend it on the CPU. Anyway, if you have questions about video editing and video rendering, definitely leave those
in the comments section. I actually do have a tutorial video for Premiere Pro on the
best video export settings for YouTube if that’s something
you guys are interested in. Anyway, like this video. If you like it, don’t forget to subscribe. Check out the other awesome
content on the channel. As always you guys, thanks
so much for watching and don’t forget, create
something awesome today. Maybe with the power of video editing.

76 Comments

  1. The Truth Never Told December 24, 2017 at 1:16 am

    i have ryzen 5 1600 non x and 16 gm corsair vengence 3000 mhz ram. and a gaming x msi 1080ti. i use devince resolve. whats best?

  2. Mehedi Hasan December 31, 2017 at 2:33 pm

    How about gtx 150 mx with 8th gen core i 5 for video editing and rendering ?

  3. impsquared January 5, 2018 at 6:11 am

    great video!

  4. Dunne. January 16, 2018 at 5:18 am

    Well i dont have a dedicated gpu so that cpu rendering really is the only thing i know.

  5. Ward Holden January 17, 2018 at 12:29 am

    Why dont you see 4K or 8k written in specs or on the video cards packaging?

  6. Nansinguza Jacob January 18, 2018 at 6:32 am

    Thanks for the explanation.

  7. Redgle January 31, 2018 at 5:46 pm

    when you use vegas pro 14 with only an i5 4590 and 8gb ram and it's perfectly fine

  8. Jordan Brown February 5, 2018 at 11:07 pm

    What about CPU vs GPU with 2D and Lightweight 3D (example: Unity) game development?

  9. Sultan Arya February 12, 2018 at 2:20 pm

    Mr roberto i want to ask somenthing
    Recently i wanna make a game with kinda good texture and rendering thing like that
    But i have to choose the graphic card which the option is rx 550 4gb or rx 560 2gb
    The question is which graphic card its really rocking in to the texture and animation things
    I hope you can reply my comments 🙂

  10. TheHurricaneHunter // NickTHH February 20, 2018 at 5:17 am

    I found that when rendering selected clips my graphics card came into play, but when encoding the processor comes into play with 100% utilization across all six of my cores. I'd never had a great editing workstation until now and the combination between my processor and graphics card seems to render 3 times faster than my previously used MacBook Pro.

  11. Chevifier February 20, 2018 at 9:34 pm

    I know this vid is a bit outdated now but Im was currently rendering a 1 hour 1080p 30fps video with my Ryzen 1700x and it was estimated for 1 hour and around 50 minutes. But my windows auto shut down to install an update roughly half way through I was afk (was so pissed) Then I decided to re render using CUDA on my GTX 1070. It was estimating 4 hours!! Maybe I missed something I cancelled it and when it back to cpu only and its back to 1 hour and 30 plus minutes again. lol

  12. DKStorms64 February 22, 2018 at 10:34 pm

    Hey, i am building a pc a want to make more videos. I am also really into gaming. I was planning on getting am intel core i7 and a 1060 graphics card but im on a £800 budget and right now my pc costs around £860 and i still have to buy a pc and monitor. Do u think i should buy an intel i5 instead and will games lag if i render a video and play games at the same time with an intel core i5 and a 1060 graphics card?

  13. Art Last February 25, 2018 at 3:29 pm

    Is your voice coming through the mic on the stand in the BG or on camera mic? and if so what brand?

  14. AVP February 27, 2018 at 9:51 pm

    I have a i7 7800x , 32gb ram, asus gtx 1070 strix Oc
    Do you know what i mean)))

  15. CincyPhotography.com March 24, 2018 at 10:01 pm

    Is it possible to add a graphics card to my Dell laptop computer? im currently using Dell SSD i7 and the video previews are still choppy

  16. Kenny Hobson April 1, 2018 at 12:41 am

    What if im just adding a voice over to a cut video? do I need a GPU for that?

  17. Jack Nikolson April 4, 2018 at 1:12 am

    thanks for the video but 16gb is plenty for adobe but too low for after effects… for after effects you need at lease 32gb ram..thats the lowest for after effects..I also have 16gb and yes premiere do not use all but i always run out when i am working on after effects. and i was already wondering ,maybe if i aadd 16 more gb to my premiere will also be able to use more..not sure about this ,but just saying

  18. Cube April 10, 2018 at 2:41 am

    I’ll just save up and buy both gpu and cpu :/

  19. ashin p.krishna April 11, 2018 at 8:55 am

    Which is the best cheapest GPU for 3D rendering for about $80.

  20. Tri Dang April 15, 2018 at 10:18 am

    Doesnt talk about encoding speed… Why?

  21. brittany ann April 16, 2018 at 4:55 pm

    THANK YOU! You answered all of my questions!
    I'm editing VR video and it's so slow……..

  22. Movies & Mythology April 18, 2018 at 8:34 pm

    Cool. I was wondering why my video card seemed to be doing very little for my rendering time.

  23. rohit sharma April 20, 2018 at 1:17 pm

    Bro I planning to built a 4K video editing system my config will be 8700k, 16gb ram, 240gb M2 ssd, 4tb HDD but I am confuse in graphic should I go for 4gb or 6gb option because in India the price are very high

  24. Digital Warfare Cyber News April 24, 2018 at 10:32 pm

    Is there a huge difference between the brands. my research has to lead me to believe that NVIDA is the only one I should use? Do all the brands work the same MSI, EVGA, ZOTAC? the ZOTAC has more CUDA cores?? Im looking at 1080 or 1070? I just purchased a new build with an I9 12 core? I am so stuck on what graphics card to get

  25. Soheb R May 6, 2018 at 2:34 pm

    Helpful. How about if i do video editing as a hobby, do i really need a graphics card? if i use integrated graphics how much gigs of ram do i need?

  26. Kelby Douglas May 10, 2018 at 10:33 am

    Hi I just built a new rig ryzen 1700x and gtx 970. But when I export the gpu sits on 0 percent usage. I have cude enabled and download the latest drivers

  27. Fish Hawk May 27, 2018 at 7:09 pm

    Hey man great video. Can Adobe Premiere Pro work with Intel's integrated graphics or do you need a discrete GPU? If you need a discrete GPU what NVIDIA GPU would you recommend. Budget wise?

  28. Peter Richardson May 29, 2018 at 2:48 am

    scenomics is a pretty good solution to some of this

  29. Connor Lloyd June 11, 2018 at 5:28 pm

    Thanks man

  30. Studio DDK June 13, 2018 at 2:40 am

    Hi Robert, I just buy a new PC. But I can not find any GPU at this time. Can I use Adobe Program without a GPU?

  31. jj ca June 13, 2018 at 9:54 am

    I5 8400 can it works coz am lock of budjet

  32. SCO SHOW June 17, 2018 at 4:08 am

    it's so nice how much faster but CPU and GPUs are nowadays

  33. Niels Cloostermans June 17, 2018 at 2:51 pm

    Do you need a good graphics card if you only transcode/encode video?
    I have a lot of recordings from a drone (4k) and want to convert it to other playable formats.
    My current PC (Intel Core i3 2500k, 16Gb DDR3, AMD Radeon 6700 HD) is doing great (almost 1x at 720p) and I'm wondering if a newer (Intel Core i5 8400, 16Gb DDR4) would make a huge difference without having an expensive graphics card?

  34. Worldaviation 4K June 18, 2018 at 9:59 am

    Love the video thanks, i wonder if sony vegas movie studio 10 from years ago will be able to do more than 4 cores. Do they have to update to allow for more cores or it just knows. I think FSX flight simulator from before cores were around doesn't get better with more cores

  35. Dub V July 11, 2018 at 1:22 am

    Very helpful and understandable. I’m new to 4k video editing, my current PC fx4350 and gtx760 2gb just don’t cut it anymore

  36. michaelsvlog August 12, 2018 at 12:50 am

    Can a 1050TI mobile gpu get the job done for video editing? with say a I7 8750H cpu?

  37. Per Olsen August 17, 2018 at 10:45 am

    How about the video editor program, are all utilizing the CPU / GPU in the same ways… or do we have some sw that will pass the work to one over the other?

  38. Letkhohao Touthang September 8, 2018 at 6:38 pm

    Awesome videos….. Can you suggest me 4k videos editing PC configuration ryzen 7 platform….

  39. Alberto Vecco September 9, 2018 at 1:08 am

    Hello Roberto. I have a pc with processor AMD RYZEN 1800X, Nvidia GTX1070, 16 Corsair vengance ddr4 ram, and rendering, video editing, and lumetri colour correction Is lag. I cant understand why, may i have a wrong config? Thanks

  40. Manuel Antonio September 10, 2018 at 10:17 pm

    Very true mi friend.cpu its almost everything in editing and converting.Buy the away can you or someone tell me why my strix gtx 980 4gb oc shaders dont work in Neat Video reduce noise 3.5 and my previous gtx 770 2gb work?I think some issue of plugin that dont suport.I already found out that its an issue because the new Neat video version 4.8 already suport my gtx 980 shaders=cuda.

  41. Yoko Kurama September 22, 2018 at 1:49 pm

    Do i need a gpu for smooth 4k playback?

  42. ShopzadaPH September 27, 2018 at 1:06 pm

    Thanks for this, i just built a pc with ryzen 5 2600x but i didnt have the budget to buy a proper gpu so i used my super old 9500gt. while editing its noticeably slower in scrubbing specially with effects added, but its fast enough while rendering. is it because of the gpu? Will adding like a gtx 1050ti improve it significantly? Thanks!

  43. Aamir Durrany October 8, 2018 at 2:14 am

    Thank you!

  44. ShippityBob October 14, 2018 at 2:51 am

    Very helpful thank you

  45. SYN3RGY October 15, 2018 at 11:03 pm

    heres my problem my graphics card over written the use of intel quick sync video rendering don't know how to fix this

  46. Gigabyte November 6, 2018 at 8:39 am

    hi Roberto what is the best choice of video card in 2018 for premier pro , after effect , 3d etc ? in 500 $ price range

  47. Uchiha Clan November 8, 2018 at 7:41 am

    Thank you man.

  48. Derek Irons November 12, 2018 at 11:34 am

    I have 16 ram n 4 cores Mack book pro. Using Adobe PP n AF. I’m not even half way thru with over 80 clips on timeline n I use 4K but I utilize proxies n I get a lot of lag n freezing at times. I can’t image adding another 80 clips or more to timeline without coming to a standstill. I’m deciding on iMac pro. Apple is GREEDY n SHAMEFUL they don’t let us upgrade components when one can afford too! For the greedy money they want. I want to make sure I future proof best I can. If I buy at local store there best imax pro cost with tax 5,474.99 it only comes with 32gigs of ram 8 cores n there 8gig graphics hard. I want to get 64 gigs of ram n 10 cores n there 16 gigs graphics card. Of course greedy apple only lets you add what you thru them the SOB’s! If I do this configuration greedy Apple wants 7882.90 and that’s not including there three year warranty!
    My other option is because I want at least the 16gigs graphics card to minus 10 cores n minus 64 gigs of ram but this still comes out to 6130.90 ALSO I use pro tools n if I want to load up on plugins when mixing I need all the CPU I can get.

    What’s your advice?

    Thanks

  49. Elijah Escobar November 16, 2018 at 8:19 pm

    Very informative video, thank you!! Just recently started getting into making YouTube videos , editing and rendering.

  50. esisolina1 November 22, 2018 at 10:37 pm

    The only I would like is to cut or merge video files and also to reduce or change their resolution or their data rate and FPS. Where I must spend some money more? To faster CPU? to faster GPU card? (Ι have only onboard with intel cpu)
    both CPU AND GPU? In last case what can be the balance in % for each one to spend money if I have for example 300 euro?
    I know depend from the size of video files. My video files have max. size 5 GB.

  51. Hexspa December 23, 2018 at 1:52 am

    Vega 56?

  52. Ahmed Twahir January 9, 2019 at 8:54 pm

    Thanks for the great videos Roberto. I'm still confused, others say get a high end GPU while others say just get a regular one. Which GPU is sufficient for editing and producing YouTube videos? thanks

  53. Jeremiah Craig January 11, 2019 at 3:16 am

    awesome video. thanks for this

  54. JMcH February 1, 2019 at 3:40 pm

    A clear and concise explanation that doesn't last thirty minutes? Three cheers. Well done.

  55. The Bitter Tech February 5, 2019 at 8:00 pm

    Roberto, this VS. video is worth "redoing" now in 2019 as things have changed quite a bit (Turing micro-architecture, NVENC optimization, etc.) If you choose to go with this topic, would you mind giving me a quick shout?! 😀 Thanks man.

  56. Rain Man February 19, 2019 at 9:36 am

    Hi thanks for the info
    i had an question

    does windows 7 better for 3d softwares?

    i wonder wich on is better 10 or 7?

    thanks for the video btw

  57. Gio H February 23, 2019 at 6:20 am

    Im going with ryzen 2700x msi b450 gaming pro ac wifi what gpu should i go with for video editing. This is an investment for me so i tried not going cheap on the main stuff like the cpu. Please anyone pointers would be great. I dont really want to waste time playing with components i want something thatll work fast!

  58. Tater Tot February 24, 2019 at 2:18 am

    Thank you so very much. I still find it amazing how many great technical resources there are on Youtube. Your presentation skills set you apart.

    I stumbled upon your video while researching why my PC shutdowns while rendering using Resolve 15. I found a Youtube video resource stating to cut my active cores by half because my power supply is not keeping up. Or it may be an overheating issue. I run an Asus G751JM on a Windows 10 with Intel I7 16GB RAM, I have an Nvidia GTX 860M.
    Do I not have enough horsepower here? Ever heard of such a thing? You mentioned another video about best video export setting. I think I'm biting off more than necessary by choosing 3840 x 2160 Ultra HD.

    By the way, I found my GPU Tweak application thanks to your video sample. Nice job and thanks again!

    Rick

  59. dangboodang March 2, 2019 at 1:29 pm

    I needed this info..Thank you. Just subbed💪

  60. jBurn 801 April 5, 2019 at 1:42 am

    Thanks man. Answered a few questions I was having.

  61. Kevin Snow April 16, 2019 at 6:15 am

    Would a dual gpu make video streaming better?

  62. uzeir dalip May 9, 2019 at 7:36 pm

    Nice video, short and to the point !

  63. Ee Where May 11, 2019 at 2:01 pm

    Hi everyone, pls decide which is before for me. Because i wanna build custom pc. Should i buy amd rayzen 7 2700, or i7 for the better result of video editing and rendering?

  64. J May 17, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    Is a 6 core i5 going to be much better than an i5 i had 10 years ago in my last asus laptop?

  65. ShaDo J July 1, 2019 at 10:25 am

    quick and brief info man! thanks for explaining it thoroughly and not waste anyones time! thanks!

  66. Jamyang Nyima July 4, 2019 at 8:24 am

    My laptop dell inspiron 5570 has cpu of quadcore with speed of 1•8 – 2 ghz. GPU is integrated. Soon I will upgrade ram to 8gb and have extra ssd for smoothness. Will the gpu halt my work badly?

  67. F Sanchez July 21, 2019 at 11:10 pm

    Is the Hp Omen good for photography and video editing? The specs are i7 9th gen 16Gb with a 1TB HDD and 256Gb and 1060nvdia…..love your videos, thanks.

  68. Stryker 2 August 4, 2019 at 5:21 am

    Hi Roberto.. Great video! I have a i7 6700k (32GB Ram)and I just started getting into video editing using Premiere Pro and learning After Effects. I want to get a decent video card for my PC for this purpose. I was looking at the ASUS GeForce GTX 1660 Overclocked 6GB, would that be an ok card in your opinion? And if not what would you recommend?…Thanks for sharing your knowledge. 🙂

  69. Raymond Pellegrin August 6, 2019 at 8:21 am

    Question, when I'm rendering (exporting the video) on premiere pro, when I go to see the Task Adm, I see that the GPU isn't working, and all the work is on the ram an the CPU. Is that normal?, I have the gtx 1060 gpu, and Premiere recognize the GPU with the Cuda Cores, and all the thing. I thought that with the GPU it gonna cut by half the rendering time.

  70. monish Parekh August 12, 2019 at 4:14 am

    Can I buy i7 8 cores and not buy gpu for now n do editing and render the video?? And if yes how long ?

  71. xpez August 22, 2019 at 3:57 am

    basically get a great CPU and a great GPU. done.

  72. abc def September 22, 2019 at 11:28 pm

    PUBLIC NOTICE VIDEO COPILOT elements > VFX SOFTWARE HATES INTEL CARDS- -chips !!!!!
    openGL ??
    HOW `S THAT FOR LAPTOP OWNERS ??

    THIS IS AN ON GOING PROBLEM !

  73. Guardian Panther September 23, 2019 at 10:10 pm

    Dude, you are a legend. Thank you 🙏🙏🙏

  74. platinumare October 1, 2019 at 8:09 am

    Thank you so much for posting, I had a gut instinct it was the cpu and you confirmed this for me with so many solid reasons. I'm going to start working to save up and build my new pc with a quality cpu and work around that.
    Also I love your concise narration, you don't ramble on about a bunch of other sutff and just cut to the chase!

  75. Merlin Erdogmus October 2, 2019 at 8:52 am

    I didn't even know that SLI is more of a pure gaming thing. Thought the video editing software would recognize this combination.

  76. Matt Lappinen October 7, 2019 at 3:37 pm

    Thank You Robert, straight forwards video

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